The Coliseum, also known as the Flavian Ampitheatre, is the largest Ampitheatre of the Roman Empire, located in the center of Rome, and largest Ampitheatre in the world. Built of concrete and stone, it is considered to be one of the greatest works of Roman architecture and engineering. The Coliseum can hold an estimated 50,000 to 80,000 spectators and was used for gladiatorial contests and public spectacles such as mock sea battles, animal hunts, executions, re-enactments of famous battles and dramas based on Classical mythology.
Situated just under the east of the Roman Future, the Coliseum began construction under the Emperor Vespasian in 70AD and was completed in 80AD under his successor and heir Titus. Further modifications were made during the reign of Domitian between 81 – 96 AD. These 3 emperors are known as the Flavian Dynasty, and the Ampitheatre was named in Latin for its association with their family name, Flavius.
The building ceased to be used for entertainment purposes in the early medieval era and was later reused for such purposes as housing, workshops, a fortress, quarry and Christian shrine. Although today it stays partially ruined because of damage done by earthquakes and stone robbers, the Coliseum is an iconic symbol of Imperial Rome and is one of Rome’s most popular tourist attractions. The Coliseum was listed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1980. In 2007, the complex was also included among the new 7 Wonders of the World, following a competition organized by new Open World Corporation.
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